签证相关的英语单词,没事看看

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准许入境编号(Admission Number):表I-94上所用编号(在F-1或M-1非移民签证的情况下,则是I-20 ID印件上所用编号),供移民归化局(INS)查询此人时备用。也称“身份编号”(Identification Number)。
  外侨登记号码(Alien Registration Number):简称“A”号码(“A”Number)。本来是美国政府给予移民的身份编号(Identification number),在某些情况下,由美国移民归化局斟酌决定,这种登记号码也可能给予非移民学生和交流学者。不过,多数持有F-1、J-1和M-1签证留学美国的学生没有“A”号码。

  表I-94,入境-出境记录(Arrival/Departure record(Form I-94)):移民归化局文件,在美国入境地点签发,作为外国国民合法进入美国的证明。表上明确注明证件持有者许可在逗留的期限,或是确定一个固定的“截止日期”(expiration date),或是注上“D/S”字样。“D/S”意为“身份有效期”(duration of status),允许证件持有者在美国逗留到达成业经批准的目的为止。

  守法证书(Certificate of Compliance):付税情况审查记录文件,签发给离境外国国民,以证明当事人业已付清全部所得税。在一般情况下,F-1、J-1和M- 1非移民签证的持有者需要守法证书。守法证书也称“离境签证”(Exit Visa)或“离境许可证”(Sailing Permit)。

  身份合格证书(Certificate of Eligibility):即表I-20 A-B、表I-20 M-N或表IAP-66.表I-20A-B和表I-20 M-N由同意录取该外国学生为正规全日制学生来美学习的得到承认的美国高等院校、职业学校或其他非学术性院校签发。表IAP-66(交流学者身份合格证)则由组织该项交流活动的单位或同意其进入该校的美国高等院校签发。表I-20和表IAP-66均非签证,它们只是申请签证的先决条件,仅仅说明持有者具有申请非移民学生签证的资格。

  改变身份(Change of Status):即变换所持非移民签证的种类。改变身份务必得到移民归化局的批准。

  家属(Dependent):需依靠另一人支持者。从移民归化局处理有关事项的角度说,“家属”仅指本人的配偶和十八岁以下的未婚子女。

  驱逐出境(Deportation):指从一个国家将另一国被认定为非法入境或其居住有碍公共利益的公民强行赶走。

  身份有效期(Duration of Status):简称“D/S”。移民归化局在表I-94(参阅“入境-出境记录”Arrival/Departure Record栏目)上的用词,意为该外国留学生或交流学者在美国逗留的期限为完成一个(或若干个)业已批准项目的需用时间另加三十天。

  就业(Employment):一个人参加挣工资的工作通称就业。为了保障美国公民的就业,外国留学生、交流学者及其配偶的就业须受有关条例的限制。

  交流学者(Exchange Visitor):持有J-1签证,根据某个“交流学者”项目来美从事文化、教育方面活动的外国公民。

  延长居留期(Extension of Stay):签证持有者在美国逗留时间超过表I-94入境-出境记录所注明的截止日期须经移民归化局批准。

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